Monthly Archives: November 2019

Can Bearded dragons eat clementines?

If you are keen to avoid feeding your Beardie the wrong foods (Click here for my best guide to stop this happening) you are probably keen to see if clementines are a good idea.

Can bearded dragons eat Clementines? No, it is not a good idea to give bearded dragons clementines. The reason being, it contains too much acid and sugars, which is not ideal for them. Also, the calcium to phosphorus ratio is not optimal for Beardies.

Now that you know why they are not good for your beardie I will go on to explain why Beardies persist with eating clementines, even though they are not ideal, alternatives that you can and cannot use, and much more…

What is a clementine?

You may be wondering exactly what a clementine is. Sometimes these fruits are confused with other similar looking fruits, such as satsumas, etc.

A Clementine is actually a hybrid between a mandarin orange and a sweet orange. In my opinion, it looks like a small tangerine. It has orange skin with an array of fruit segments (Usually up to approx 12).

What is the difference between a clementine and a tangerine?

difference between tangerines and clementines

difference between tangerines and clementines

Earlier I mentioned how they get confused with tangerines. This may have led you to think, what exactly is the difference between a tangerine and a clementine?

The differences are, a tangerine is typically harder to peel than a tangerine. You will notice this if you attempt to peel both of them.

Also, there is a size difference between them. If you put a tangerine in your left hand and a clementine in your right, you would immediately notice the difference between these two.

The issues with citrus fruits and bearded dragons.

Chances are you here because you have heard rumors about citrus fruits. And the fact that they are not good for bearded dragons.

It may lead you to hope that a clementine is an exception. The reality is, as I have confirmed, it is not an exception and you should not give it to your bearded dragon.

But, why exactly? well, there are a few reasons…

High Acidic content

Firstly they have a high acidic level which is not ideal for the expected dietary balance of a bearded dragon.

Causes Diarihhaoa

Also, due to this and other elements within the Clementine, it can cause diarrhea. Not nice at all. And, not something that you really want to be cleaning up, are you with me?

Calcium to Phosphorus ratio

Finally, the last issue is the calcium to phosphorus ratio. The calcium to phosphorus ratio in a clementine is not ideal for bearded dragons and this is another factor.

So, as you know, a clementine is a citrus fruit and for these are the reasons why it is not a good idea.

What exactly is citrus?

So far I have mentioned citrus a few times in this article. And, if you are not sure what citrus is, it is only natural that you may be wondering exactly what it is.

To clarify, citrus is actually a genus of plants and shrubs. These plants are also part of the Rue family, according to Wikipedia. As one would assume, the fruits that they produce are known as citrus fruits.

Why do bearded dragons eat clementines if it is bad for them?

One of the confusing things about clementines and bearded dragons is the conflicting information you get. Some say they are fine with clementines, others don’t agree. And, to add to this, you may even witness a Beardie eating one without any problems.

So, it is a good question to ask, why are they eating clementines if it is bad for them?

How many times have you eaten junk food?

The easiest way to explain this is to compare it to us humans. How many times have you eaten some fast food?

The reality is, regardless if you are willing to admit it or not, we are all likely to have had fast food at some point in our life, or even a sugary cake, are you with me?

However, deep down, we know that these are bad for us, right? And, we know it really has little to no nutritional benefit for us, right?.

So, my point is this, in the wild, bearded dragons may come across a clementine. and yes, it may take a bite of it. It may even taste delicious, to be honest. But, in the wild, what are the chances of him finding that same clementine tree again?

In the wild they have to hunt for food and food is not guaranteed.

In the domestic world, they are overfed

However, in the domestic world lizard owners will give their bearded dragons a set diet again and again.

If the bearded dragon owner in question has a bad idea about what is good for their pet. They will feed it these things, such as clementines or oranges over and over again.

Unfortunately, in the domestic world, our pets are typically overfed. And, they can be fed these bad foods over and over again routinely. Mainly because of lack of knowledge, or laziness.

The short answer…

So, the short answer is, bearded dragons will eat almost anything you put in front of them but it doesn’t mean that is good for them.

What do people usually substitute clementines for?

Because you now know that clementines are not a good idea, you may be wondering what you can substitute it with.

Humans typically substitute clementines with mandarins. However, much like clementines, are still not a good idea for a bearded dragon. This is for the same reason as clementines. They are acidic, have high sugar content, etc.

What is a mandarin?

The mandarin is a close relative of the orange fruit. All of these citrus fruits have the same related problem, as discussed earlier, which comes down to the sugars and acidic levels. Also, the calcium to phosphorus ratio.

Should bearded dragons be eating fruit at all?

After all of this talk about citrus fruits, you may, quite rightly, start to question if any fruits are good for your bearded dragon. The answer to this, yes they can and should eat fruits, but it needs to be a very small percentage of their diet.

To put this into perspective, in the next section I will give you a breakdown of the expected proportions, and how their age plays a factor.

How much fruit a bearded dragon should consume

In the previous section, I talked about the fact that fruits need to be given to your bearded dragon. But, in small doses. let me explain…

Young bearded dragons

Bearded dragons are omnivores. Meaning they will eat meat, fruit, and vegetables. The younger bearded dragons will start off with a mix of approximately 80% meat with 20% fruit and vegetables.

However, as they get older this completely reverses. Meaning an adult bearded dragon will eat a lot more fruit and vegetables than meat.

To be precise, approximately 80% fruit and veg 20% meat. And when I say meet I mean insects. However, understand these proportions are for fruit and veg, not just fruit.  So, it doesn’t mean that you feed your adult bearded dragon 80% fruit, are you with me?

This is why I mentioned earlier, that fruit should only really be a small part of their diet. The majority of their day-to-day calories should come from vegetables, such as leafy greens, but more on this in the next section.

What fruit are acceptable alternatives for the clementine?

You may be wondering what fruits are good for your bearded dragon if they cannot eat clementines or any citrus fruits. The following fruits are good for bearded dragons.

  • Papayas
  • Raspberries.
  • Pears.

What are papayas?

According to Wikipedia, Papayas are also known as Pawpaw or papaya. And they are part of the family Caricaceae. They originate from the tropical areas of the Americas such as Mexico and Central America.

What are the benefits of papaya?

You may have heard rumors that papayas have very good health benefits for humans. And you may be wondering about this.

The rumors state that papayas help to reduce cholesterol, rich in fiber, antioxidants and have good vitamin c content. Some people regard them as superfoods. and generally has a bit of hype around the word.

Can bearded dragons eat clementine fruit peel?

As well as the actual segments, which we have already dismissed, there is the actual peel, which we have not discussed. You know, the part that protects the segments of the fruit.

Before we go any further, no, bearded dragons cannot eat clementine fruit peel. The reason for this is the peel is typically covered in pesticides.

Especially when sold domestically. Feeding this directly to your bearded dragon is dangerous because it will make give them an unwanted dose of these pesticides, which needs to be avoided. Like most things, their are many foods they can and cannot eat (Click here to see if Beardies can eat eggs).

Considerations when feeding fruits to your bearded dragon

If you are going to be feeding your bearded dragon fruit on a regular basis. It is important that you maintain these fruits in your lizard’s enclosure.

What do I mean by this? Basically, food such as fruit has a tendency to rot very quickly. I mean, fruit rotting is good in the scheme of things. Because it means it breaks down well and it’s good for the environment.

But, for your enclosure, it could be a challenge. Because your bearded dragon needs to have a clean, well-maintained enclosure. This is to keep him happy and healthy.

Therefore, you need to continuously check the enclosure for rotten fruits and remove them immediately. from the enclosure to keep him happy.

Can Bearded Dragons Eat Dandelion Leaves? (Stems/Seed?)

If you have a Beardie, no doubt you love him and are thinking of the best foods to feed him (Click here to learn how to avoid making big mistakes with your beardie with this guide). One unexpected food that owners usually get confused about is dandelions…

Can Bearded Dragons eat Dandelion Leaves? Yes, Bearded Dragons can eat Dandelion leaves. In fact, they can eat the flowers and leaves. However, I would suggest that you remove the stem before serving them up.

Now that you know that you can feed him dandelions, let me go on to explain if you can pick up these dandelions from just anywhere if they are deemed as “weeds”, why they go white and much more…

What are the benefits of Dandelions?

benefits of dandelion

benefits of dandelion

Now that you understand that Beardies can eat them, you may be wondering what are the real benefits of them doing this? Well, they actually contain quite a few minerals (more on this later) and vitamins that are beneficial to beardies.

The reality is, these benefits are not just restricted to lizards, they are also good for us humans as well.

Can you collect dandelions from anywhere (Pick them up wild)?

No, it is not a good idea to collect dandelions from any old random place. This is because some dandelions may be laced with pesticides, herbicides or other fertilizers, are you with me?

Therefore, it is a good idea to get them when you know you can trust the source. For example, you can find dandelion greens in superstores or some health stores.

What are dandelions?

Before we go any further, let me clarify exactly what dandelions are, to avoid any confusion or assumptions. According to wikipedia, dandelions are actually a species of the Taraxacum genus. Which is part of the Asteraceae family.

Dandelions are native to North America and Eurasia. However, there are two very common dandelion species that were actually introduced from Europe. These species are Taraxacum Officinale and Taraxacum Erythrospermum. They now grow wildly in Europe and are quite popular.

Are dandelions weeds?

Yes, dandelions are technically weeds. However, they are not just weeds. In the western world they are consumed as food and are quite popular for the health-conscious.

In fact, as discussed earlier, you can pick them up in superstores and health stores. They can be boiled up as a refreshing tea drink or even eaten raw.

Are dandelions regarded as a staple diet?

You may be wondering if you can feed your bearded dragon dandelions as a staple.  I would not regard them as a staple for your bearded dragon’s diet. In my opinion, crickets would be more regarded as a staple.

However, I would say that dandelions are an excellent addition to your beardies’ diet and should definitely be included on a regular basis.

What are dandelions good for?

Dandelions are a good source of vitamins such as vitamins A, C, and K. Not many people know this but you can eat them cooked raw or even boil them into tea, as mentioned earlier.

Even if we put the vitamins aside for a second, they also include important minerals such as iron, magnesium, and calcium.

The root of a dandelion is also beneficial because it has good fiber. This is advantageous to the intestinal tract.

What are dandelion seeds called?

These Seeds are commonly known as parachutes. you may be wondering why they are called this. I get it,  because on the surface this name doesn’t make any logical sense, right?

The reason for this name is the way that they actually propagate. What I mean by this is the life cycle of dandelions. In particular, the transition from those beautiful yellow petals to the white puffballs yo may be used to seeing.

How & why they merge into white puffballs

With time, as they mature, these yellow petals wither away and become whitish looking puffs. These “parachutes” will then inevitably fly away with the wind. And, the seeds within them will move, take root and the cycle continues.

What leafy greens are good for bearded dragons?

There are many greens that can be considered for your bearded dragon. However, to give you an idea of these it can be simple things such as collard greens or even beet greens, etc.

Related questions:

In this section, I am going to answer some questions related to Bearded dragons and dandelions. If you have more unanswered questions in your mind feel free to drop a comment below.

Q: Why should you wash your hands after handling a bearded dragon?

Bearded dragons may have parasites on their skin which can pass on to you through hand contact. In most cases these parasites offer not much risk to your bearded dragon. But, they can manifest into different issues for us humans.

Therefore, to be safe it is advisable to always wash your hands after coming into contact with them. To be perfectly honest this should be standard for any pet that you handle, right?

Q: How often should a bearded dragon go for a poop?

This can be anything from once a day too to once a week. Unfortunately, bearded dragons have quite a wide range of frequency when it comes to elimination.

Like us humans, their frequency largely depends on their diet. For example, if your bearded dragon has a diet which consists of a lot of silkworms, which are typically high in calcium, then there is a good chance he will eliminate more frequently.

Therefore, it’s important that you consider the general energy levels of your beardie, and not just focus on hi poop frequency when assessing his general wellbeing.

Q: Can bearded dragons eat clementines?

Many people ask if Beardies can eat clementines (Click here for the full article). According to some owners on this forum, you can, but they advise in moderation. However, I wouldn’t advise it. The reason for this is the acidic levels in clementines is not great for them. Therefore, in my opinion, it’s better to avoid them. Because there are so many other things available.

Q: Why do dandelions turn white?

As discussed earlier, this is part of their process to propagate these seeds and to continue the life cycle of the dandelion. The seeds will float into other areas and their seeds form into other dandelions.

Q: Can Bearded dragons eat cheese?

No, bearded dragons should not be fed cheese. I guess you may be wondering why right? Well, it is to do with the nutritional break down of cheese. In particular, its the calcium.

Whilst calcium is an important part of their diet, cheese takes calcium to the next level. Meaning, it is just too calcium-rich for them. There are other safer ways for them to get calcium, so it is a good idea to avoid cheese completely.

Q: How many mealworms should a bearded dragon eat a day?

20 to 50 a day if he is a juvenile. However, this varies with age. Why? This is because when they are older they tend to consume less protein and increase their veg intake. in this guide, it explains the correct food to give to your beardie to keep him happy.

Q: Are crickets dangerous for Bearded dragons?

No. But, on some rare occasions, if the crickets are too big, a Beardie can choke on a cricket. This is not really a cricket specific issue, it could happen with any incorrectly sized food item. Even for us humans.

As a general rule, you should not feed your Beardie any food item that is greater than the distance from each eye, are you with me?

Q: Is it OK to leave crickets in with my bearded dragon?

No. You should not leave crickets in with your Bearded Dragon. But, why? Well, these crickets, as harmless as they may seem, can start to feast on your Beardie by nibbling on him if left in the enclosure.

Therefore, it is critical to clear them out immediately after your Beardie has finished eating.

Q: Should their crickets be dusted?

Yes, calcium supplementation dust will help to keep your Beardie healthy. It is a similar concept to gut loading super worms (Click here for full article), it needs to be done to add more nutritional value.

How Long Do Panther Chameleons Live?

If you are a fan of panther chameleons you may be wondering how long they live, and the best way to care for them (Click here to see my best enclosures for Panther Chameleons to keep them happy), but how long can they live?

How long do panther Chameleons live? They live 7 to 8 years on average. However, females are expected to live less than this mainly because of laying eggs (more on this later). How they are treated makes a big difference in their life expectancy, as you can expect.

Now that you know roughly how long they live, let me go on to explain why the female is not expected to live as long, how breeding affects their life, how long till they get their colors and much more.

Why do Females live a shorter life, on average?

female panther chameleons life span

female panther chameleons life span

As discussed earlier panther chameleons can live 7 to 8 years. However, like us humans, how we treat our bodies plays a big factor in that. Therefore you can expect a well looked after panther to live longer, remember the figure I stated is an average.

I also mentioned that females live younger, on average. This is because their bodies receive a lot more stress. Mainly due to breeding. They breed every year and this takes a toll on their bodies.

The interesting fact about females, and life expectancy. Is the stress their bodies with breeding even if there is not a male around, really? Yes, really.

This is because, even if there is not a male to fertilize their eggs, they just go ahead and lay the unfertilized eggs.

How long until a Panther gets its colors?

With a relatively short life, you may be wondering how long they take to get those beautiful colors that you may have heard about.

It will take at least 18 months for them to get these colors. However, it can be quite confusing for some owners. Why? Because by the age of approx 6 months they will be displaying some lovely vibrant colors.

And, you may be fooled into thinking that they have fully developed their colors. But, this is not the case. They are not fully there yet. Again, in a few more months, say about 9 or 10 months, you may be fooled again for similar reasons. But, until they are at least 18 months, they have not fully developed their colors.

How often should they be fed?

So far you have learned how long panthers live for and why the female has the raw deal. But, what about feeding them, to keep them happy and maximizing their life expectancy?

According to this site, they should not be fed too much. This may sound like a weird thing to say, I guess. But, they suggest that in the wild, they cannot guarantee regular food, due to the restraints of hunting, etc.

Therefore in captivity, it is not recommended to overfeed them. Therefore, the recommendation is approx four times a week.

How often do Panthers lay eggs?

Earlier we talked briefly about how the female has the raw deal. With the extra stresses of laying eggs, etc. But how often is this egg-laying?

Once the female panther chameleon reaches sexual maturity, they are expected to lay eggs each year. And, unfortunately, are expected to die only a few years after they are done with egg-laying.

To give you an idea, they are expected to drop between five and eight clutches of eggs in their lifetime. And, each clutch can have quite a few eggs. But, to be more precise, each cutch can have anywhere from 15 to 35 eggs (give or take a few).

The eggs take quite a while to hatch as well. according to Wikipedia, they typically take 240 days to hatch, wow! Quite a while. If you think about it logically, the female spends the majority of her adult life either laying, mating or hatching eggs.

Can a panther Chameleon Change Color?

Yes, a panther Chameleon can change color (Click here to see what a Chameleon’s Color Actually Mean). However, many people have an unrealistic understanding of what triggers a chameleon’s color changes.

Contrary to popular belief it is not based on camouflaging themselves to their environment. And, they can’t instantly change to any color to match their surroundings, even though it makes entertaining television thinking this happens, right?

Their color changes are based on their mood, temperature, and lighting. And, regarding them being perceived to change to any color. In reality, they have certain colors within their range actually. For example, if yellow is not in their range, they will never turn yellow, regardless if they standing next to a yellow object, no what I mean?

Female Signals to a Male

From time to time a female may come across an over-excited male, you know the type, eager to get his “mate on”. But, how does this damsel in distress deal with this beast on heat?

Simple, she literally raises her alarm! When I say alarm, I mean visually, rather than sound. Basically she will change color to some weird contrasting hues.

I am talking about black with pink, for example. In the panther cham’s world, it means something to the over-excited male. They usually get the hint at this point.

In some cases, it’s not because she is just not interested. She may also be gravid (carrying eggs) at the time.

Related questions:

In this section, I am going to answer some questions related to panther chameleons. If you have any questions that you feel have not been answered, then feel free to drop a comment below.

Q: Are Panther Chameleons Aggressive?

Yes, panther chameleons are aggressive. Especially male chameleons. In fact, not only are they aggressive to their own species, but they are also like this with other lizards.

The male is known to get so worked up about rival males that even his own reflection on a glass enclosure has been known to spark aggression. At this point, he will flare up his bright colors to show a clear warning sign.

Once these colors are displayed, If another male panther cham is in the vicinity it is likely to follow up with a fight for territory.

Q: What is an Ambilobe Panther Chameleon?

The Ambilobe is a sub-species of the panther chameleon. But, what is a sub-species? If you have researched chameleons before you may know that there are not only species of chameleons, such as the panther there are also sub-species such as the Masoala Panther Chameleon (Click here to learn more about them, Facts, Diet, Care, etc). They are ultimately still Panthers but may have certain color variations that are different, etc.

Q: Why are the called Panther Chameleons?

You may be wondering why the panther Chameleon is actually this, that is fair enough, I had the same question in my head until I discovered this. Let me explain…

According to this site, A Panther Chameleon’s scientific/particular name is “Furcifer Pardalis”. The “Pardalis” in their name stands for Leopard in Latin. This is because their skin has an interesting pattern that is spotted like a leopard.

In Africa, panther chameleons have black markings and black leopards are known as panthers. Hence the name Panther Chameleon.

Q: Do panther chameleons like to be held?

No, Panther Chameleons do not like to be held. As much as you may love the idea of holding them. They tend to get stressed out by this. Therefore many owners have the understanding that they are not really a touchy-feely pet. And, they understand that should be just observed and enjoyed from a distance.

Q: How long is a panther chameleon tongue?

Their tongue is approximately twice their body length. It’s actually one of those weird facts about chameleons.  The share size of it is amazing.

You may not be amazed right now, because it may be hard to compare to our tongues. But, lets put it like this. It’s almost like you walking around with a tongue that is about 12 foot in length, are you with me?

Can Bearded Dragons Eat Turkey? (Bad Idea?)

If you are a fan of beardie’s like me, you will be keen to offer them the right food (Click here to see what foods they should eat, and what to avoid), but what about meats such as Turkey?…

Can Bearded Dragons Eat Turkey? No, it’s not recommended. The reason is it has very little nutritional benefits for them and there are other more nutritional meats, such as insects that will better for them. Some keepers do feed it to their beardies, but mainly as an occasional treat.

Now that you know that turkey is not the best, let me explain to you exactly why turkey is not great, the exact nutritional benefits it offers, if the processed turkey is any better (hint: not much different) and other alternatives that are better suited, keep reading…

Why is turkey not a good idea?

Earlier I mentioned that turkey is not a good idea. But, what is it, exactly that is wrong with turkey, from a nutritional perspective?

In general, it has more salt and fat than a Bearded dragon should be consuming. As I said, you can probably get away with it occasionally, but it should never be considered their staple diet. Later on I will list the nutritional content of the turkey to help you understand my point.

What is Turkey (the animal)?

what is a turkey
what is a turkey

As they say, you are what you eat, but what exactly is a turkey, and how did it get that name? Let me explain…

According to Wikipedia a Turkey is a big bird and it’s from the Meleagris genus. It has a distinctive wattle that hangs down, looks like a piece of excess skin, are you with me?

The male is larger and has some stand-out colors. This trend of the male being more colorful has been seen in many other animals such as other species of lizards.

Where is it from?

These turkeys are native to the Americas. You may be wondering, if that is the case how did they spread out to Europe and other areas? Well, in the 1500s they were introduced to Europe & Asia by Spanish sellers.

And, what about their name? Why Turkey?

It is believed that one of their routes to get into Europe was via Turkey, and for that reason, the name stuck.

Nutritional Break-down of Turkeys

You may be wondering, what does turkey actually have in it? Have a look at the table below, compiled with the help of wikipedia (amount per 100g):


What meat can Bearded Dragons Eat?

Now that you know that bearded dragons should avoid turkey, what meat sources can they actually eat is the obvious next question, right?

They can eat quite a wide variety of meat. This is typically in the form of live insects. However, some insects are better than others, as you would assume. Here are a few examples:

  • Mealworms (more on this later)
  • Waxworms
  • Earthworms
  • Cockroaches
  • etc

However, it does not just have to be live insects, it can also be animals such as pinky mice (but these are only a consideration for adult Beardies – but, more on pinky mice later).

Can Beardies Eat Turkey in the form of Lunch Meat (Sandwich style)?

So far I have explained some of the concerns with turkey and the meats that you would typically expect them to eat. But, even though the answer may be obvious right now, based on my last sections. What about turkey sliced meat, you know the one you usually put in sandwiches?

I get it, this type of meat is convenient, cheap and easy to get hold of. Also, you do not have to mess with live insects, right? I get the reasons why someone would be interested in. But, the short answer is no, Bearded dragons should not be fed turkey lunch sliced meat.

Why? Simple, it is packed with salt and fat (not as much fat at some meats, I get that, but still). These foods are even questionable for humans, to be honest (but that is whole other topic).

Ok, What about ground turkey?

So, by now you should be getting the trend. And, you should definitely know that sliced turkey is a big no-no. But what about the ground turkey, surely that’s ok, right?

The short answer is no, Bearded dragons should not eat ground turkey. But, why? Well, if you look at things logically, is this something that is available in the wild, in their natural habitat?

Exactly, no it’s not. Therefore, it should not be considered as pet food in our domesticated environment. This is why live insects are good, they are more akin to their natural habitat, are you with me?

Is Cooked food even an option?

So far I have given many meat-related foods a kicking when it comes to feeding your bearded dragon. However, does this mean that no cooked food is an option?

Generally speaking, no, cooked food is not a good idea for Beardies. However, from time to time many lizard keepers do feed them this, for example, these owners discuss it. But, the point is, it should never be considered as an alternative to their main (staple) diet, such as vegetables and live insects.

Can the cooked food have seasoning?

As discussed, in moderation, many lizard keepers have fed their beardies cooked meat. But what happens if that cooked meat has seasoning on it (e.g. salt, pepper, spices)?

The short answer is no, bearded dragons should not be eating seasoned cooked food. The problem with this seasoning is, even if it doesn’t have salt directly on it, the seasoning is likely to have a high salt content. So, it is not worth chances it.

Are pinky Mice better than serving turkey?

Early I mentioned pinky mice as a consideration. But, are they a better option than serving turkey? Arguably they could be considered a better option. But, they should still only be considered a treat.

However, before you go ahead and buy a selection of live pinkie mice and throw them in your beardies enclosure, let me explain why this is a bad idea.

Be careful of live pinkies

The problem is, pinkies are fighters! If you throw a pinkie mice in with your beardie and it inevitable tries to eat it live. The pinkie with bite your beardie pretty badly. They will not go down easy.

Therefore, many owners suggest it is better to feed them frozen pinkies instead. This will avoid the headache and potential injury.

Why are crickets a better option than turkey?

If you have looked into food for your Beardie, then there is a good chance that you have heard of owners discussing or buying crickets. But, why are they a better option than turkey?

Comparing turkey and crickets for Beardies is simply no challenge. Crickets have a great amount of protein and calcium and are a popular choice for that reason. Also, Beardies love live insects, the movement entices them.

The only gripe is their hard body. They can sometimes cause some digestion issues due to this. However, owners still persist to use them.

Are Mealworms a better option than Turkey?

So, now that you know why crickets are a better option. What about mealworms, no doubt you have heard of these before, right (Click here to learn more about mealworms).

Mealworms are perfect for many lizards, but according to this site, they are not ideal for bearded dragons. But, why is this? They say that they have too much fat and also phosphor.

To make matters worse, they have little protein and calcium, which is needed by your beardie. So, let me be clear, other owners do still feed them this. But, it is not their main staple food are you with me?

It’s like us humans, we know if we eat fatty fast food too much its bad, but arguably, in moderation (as a treat) it’s not that bad. Does that make sense?

Bearded Dragon Throat Pouch: What’s it for?

If you are keen to understand your beardie (Click here for more ways to understand your bearded dragon) then you may wonder what that throat pouch on their head is and what it’s used for. Let me explain…

What is the Bearded Dragons throat pouch for? It is used for a number of reasons such as being enlarged (or puffed up as it is commonly called) to intimidate its opponent, to attract a mate for breeding and even a sign of anxiety. Therefore, it is a multi-faceted organ.

Now that you know what it is used for let me now explain to you the number of ways it can be used, how baby beardies use it, why it can be linked to anxiety and much more…

What is the throat pouch?

Now that you understand what it’s for, do you actually know what this pouch looks like? If not let me explain. On the surface, as you glance at it, it looks like a flap of skin and fat and resembles a human beard.

This is the reason why it is typically called a beard, as you can imagine. This throat patch, or beard, has the ability to turn black as well (but, more on this later).

Ways they use their throat: The big puffer!

So far you have learned what their throat pouch is used for and exactly what it is. However, are you aware of all the things that it can use its throat pouch for? If not, hold tight, I will explain this now.


bearded dragon aggression

bearded dragon aggression

One of their known tricks is puffing up their beard and body to intimidate their opponent. They are also known to open their mouth wide, whilst keeping their body puffed up so that they can further intimidate their foe.

Feeling nervous/anxious (baby beardies)

Often baby beardies are seen to be puffing up and turning black for unknown reasons. The confusion happens when there is no clear threat, however, they still do this.

It is believed to be linked to anxiety or nervousness. This may be brought on by a new environment. This is more expected as your new baby beardie gets acclimatized to its new home. In time, it is likely to feel less stressed and return to normal.

Increasing Shedding Speed

Another trick that often confuses lizard keepers is during shedding. For Bearded dragons, they have an additional trick up their sleeve. Basically they can puff up their throat pouch to force their skin to shed quicker.

As you can see by now, this behavior is so multi-faceted it can be very difficult to nail down exactly why the throat pouch has been expanded.

Hey, look at me!

Their throat pouch can even be used for them just to show off. Yes, they may just puff up that damn beard to put the spotlight on themselves. Especially if it’s mating season (more on this later).

Just Stretching!

Like us humans, we all need to stretch sometimes. This is no different for beardies. However, unlike us, they can expand their bodies, and throat pouch to relieve this sudden urge.

Pop it like its hot!

Ok, just a personal joke. But on a serious note, beardies are even known to pop their ears using the simple expansion of their throats and body.

Think of it in terms of us humans. Do you ever yawn to pop that thing? Well, beardies are no different, are you with me?

The Throat Breeder!

Puffing out their throat can also help them find a date. As they expand it, along with their body it sends a signal to a potential female mate. If the female is interested, she will reciprocate with a cheeky head bob!

Do Bearded dragons store food in their throat?

With the share size of their throat, you may wonder what else they can store in there. Could they store food in there? Well, let’s discuss this now…

Yes, they can store food in their throat. But, to be honest it is not a long term storage location. In fact, it is a hazard while it is there. Short term, yes it should be fine.

To help to prevent this happening, it is a good idea to provide smaller portions, monitor him while he eats and just check that he is not overdoing it, are you with me?

Why do they puff out their eyes?

There have been some beardie keepers that claim that they have seen their bearded dragons puff their eyes. According to this site, they believe it’s linked to shedding.

It sounds a bit weird, but the belief is that it is a technique used to expand their skin and force the shedding around that area to finish.

What does a black colored throat indicate?

If you have seen your beardie change its throat color to black, you may be puzzled wondering why it is doing this. The reality is, it could be for a few reasons.

In fact, we have covered a couple naturally in this article already. But just to summarise, this could indicate an unwell beardie, as well as a male trying to entice a female for mating.

Think of it as a complex signal that could be used for many things. However, one thing you can be sure of, it is an indication of emotion with an intended purpose.

Related Questions:

In this section, I am going to answer some questions related to bearded dragons. If you have some additional questions, not answered here, please feel free to leave a comment below.

Q: Do bearded dragons have 3 eyes?

Yes, they do. This may seem like an outlandish statement. In fact, you may even feel like hitting the back button-based ion this, but hear me out. According to this site they do.

Apparently they have a parietal eye which is located o their head, near their other two normal eyes. However, this eye is not the same. They do not have the same vision with this eye. It simply picks up shadows and changes in light with it.

Q: Will a bearded dragon poop on you?

No, they will not poop on you. But, this is not out of courtesy, its because they technically do not poop. What? Instead of pooping they get rid of their waste in one universal matter called urates.

Urates is in the form of white/yellow solid form and come out of its cloaca. What is the cloaca? Think of this as your beardies equivalent of the human anus. This is probably the best way to explain it.

Q: Can bearded dragons see you?

Yes, bearded dragons can see you. You may be curious to understand what your beardie can really see, and to be honest that is reasonable. Especially when you are investing in them.

Not only can they see you they can also see colors. They also have a great field of vision as well. Their only real issue regarding their vision is their perception of depth.

Q: What is the lifespan of a bearded dragon?

Bearded dragons (Click here to see if Bearded Dragons can eat turkey) can live an average of 10 years. However, that is in captivity. In their natural habitat that can be less. But why? Well, in the wild there are a lot more hazards. Such as the constant threat of being eaten by another predator, lack of food to prey on, etc.

Q: Do bearded dragons smell?

No, unless you neglect them. What do I mean? Well, like any pet, if you neglect to clean up after them, such as cleaning their housing, making sure they are physically clean, etc. Then, you will start to smell them. It may not be instantly (however, in some cases it can be), but, in time it can for sure if the lackadaisical treatment continues, are you with me?

Do Bearded dragons eat banana?

If you are a bearded dragon fan and you want to make sure you do things right (click here for my best guide for bearded dragons) you may be wondering if they can eat a banana. Let me explain…

Do bearded dragons eat bananas? Yes, bearded dragons do eat a banana. However, you need to make sure that you give them bananas sparingly. This is because the nutritional value of the banana is not perfect for them (more on this later).

Now that you know that they can eat bananas, I will now go on to explain why they shouldn’t eat so much, exactly what is in a banana to raise these concerns, what the ideal food mix is for your beardie, and more…

Why should you not feed your bearded dragon too much banana?

In the last section, I explained that bearded dragons can eat bananas but I cautioned you not to do it regularly. In this section, I’m going to give you a couple of reasons why you should limit the amount of banana you feed to your bearded dragon.

Too much sugar.

One of the biggest concerns with bananas is the number of carbs it has (more on this later). Secondly, the other big issue with bananas is the amount of phosphorus it has in ratio to the calcium it has.

Phosphorus is a binding material for calcium. there is a certain phosphorus to calcium ratio that bearded dragons should consume to keep them safe. However, the phosphorus levels in bananas is far greater than thy need.

The problem with this is if you feed your bearded dragon a lot of bananas you could be making it calcium deficient. Which, in the long term, could lead to deficiencies such as Metabolic Bone Disorder or MBD as it is more commonly known as.

What is a banana?

what is a banana

what is a banana


So far we have learned why your bearded dragon should not be eating too many bananas and the reasons for this. However, I do not want to assume you fully understand exactly what a banana is. And, for this reason in this section, I will explain exactly what it is.

A banana is an edible fruit that is popular in many countries. Stereotypically it is known to be a yellow elongated fruit with a hard outer skin and a soft white flesh in the middle.

However, you can get bananas that are not always yellow. In fact, before they are ripe, they are green. You can also get plantain. Plaintain is typically used for cooking rather than a dessert banana. It is usually sold while it is green.

Can a bearded dragon live on bananas alone?

Earlier I explain exactly what a banana is and the reasons why you need to limit the amount you give to your beardie. However, there are some people that still ask if it’s possible to feed their bearded dragon bananas exclusively.

For that reason, I’m going to give you some reasons why this is not a good idea and an idea of what they should be eating.


Bearded dragons are omnivores. this basically means that they eat a combination of meat (insects) as well as vegetables and fruit.

This means that they have the best of both worlds. They can eat vegetables as well as meat. But they still need to have a balanced diet, meaning the combination of these food types, are you with me?

Therefore, no bearded dragons should not be eating bananas exclusively. They should be eating insects as well as vegetables and fruit.

Later on, in this article, I will explain some of the best ratios of meat to vegetables that your typical bearded dragon should be eating. I will also explain how this ratio will change with old age.

What are the benefits of bananas?

So far we have learned what you should or should not be allowing your bearded dragon to consume, when it comes to bananas and combining this with vegetables, etc. But, what are the advantages of bananas for us as well as bearded dragons?

Bananas are often loved for their convenience because they are easily picked up in supermarkets and easily served.

Even though we talked about some of the concerns, such as the amount of sugar/carbs, they still have a good source of fiber.

For humans, we love bananas because they are a sweet snack that can be picked up on the go, especially during lunchtime.

Are bananas filled with sugar?

I explained earlier that bananas are filled with sugar but why is this exactly? In this section, I will explore some of these reasons.

According to this site, 93% of bananas are from carbs. Right now this may not mean much to you at the minute but I will explain how this is relevant to sugar in a second.

Carbs have a massive impact on your blood sugar levels. They are a big concern for diabetics and they need to be monitored for this reason.

Therefore for a bearded dragon, it is important to control the number of carbs they are consuming. Because there is only so many carbs and sugar that their body should be consuming on a daily basis.

Carbs effectively raise the blood sugar level more than any other nutrient and this is one of the reasons why they have to be controlled.

What is so bad about bananas?

One of the biggest concerns with bananas is they are not great for humans that are on a low-carb diet. For a bearded dragon there is a certain nutritional balance that they need to maintain and therefore bananas are great but need to be consumed in small doses.

And, as I mentioned briefly earlier for diabetics that are controlling their carbs and sugar intake they are a bit concerned because they can spike insulin levels.

Related Questions:

In this section, I am going to answer some questions related to bananas & bearded dragons. If you have some extra questions that you need answering, please feel free to drop a comment below.

Q: Do bananas have seeds?

No, most commercially sold bananas do not have seeds. Some bearded dragon owners have concerns about seeds in certain fruits and how it may affect their pet.

In the commercial market, you’ll be very hard-pressed to find seeds in bananas. If you happend to notice some black speckled dots within the banana there is a good chance that these are immature seeds which will not actually develop and reproduce.

Meaning they are harmless seeds that are not the same as the original wild grown bananas that you would find in tropical countries such as Jamaica.

But why is this?

The main reason for this is due to commercial objectives and profit. Meaning it is a way to control the reproduction and supply of bananas to entice their buyers to continually buy from one supplier.

Q: Can you feed bananas along with insects and water?

Yes you can serve them bananas along with insects and water. But, when you are serving up bananas or any fruit for that matter along with insects you need to be careful when you combine them with water.

This is because there is a chance that the insect can actually fall into the water and drown. This is not ideal because the dead insects are not good for your bearded dragon. Therefore you need to discard these insects as soon as possible.

Q: Do bearded dragons need a different diet as they get older?

Yes, as bearded dragons gets older you need to adjust their diet. Especially in the domestic market. But why is this? Because, as a bearded dragon gets older it inevitably becomes less active.

This means that the beardie stands the chance of becoming obese if you do not control its diet correctly. It is a good idea to reduce the amount of meat they consume in a day when they get older to cut down the chances of them becoming too obese.

Q: Should you feed baby bearded dragons vegetables?

Yes, you should feed baby beardies vegetables, some even recommend dandelion leaves for Beardies (Click here for the full article). in fact, they should be consuming at least 20% of vegetables and 80% meat. This is the kind of percentage you will need for a hatchling and a juvenile bearded dragon. As discussed earlier, as they get older this ratio will change.

Q: Should you feed bearded dragons onions?

No, you should not feed bearded dragons onions (Click here to see why Bearded Dragons should not eat onions).